Modern Art

Brief History of Witchcraft Art in Ireland

Learn the Craft of Witches From AV Witch Shop

When most people think of Ireland, they think of the delicious Guinness craze that’s sweeping the nation, but did you know that there is another craze sweeping Ireland and that is the craze of Irish Witches and witch art. You might be asking yourself what an Irish witch is, well an Irish witch is an ancient female who was believed to have magical powers and was the only woman allowed into the leprechaun circle. This woman was also the only woman allowed to take the cakes made from the fruit of the three-legged tree. These cakes, known as “bannocks” or “bannocks berry” were said to have many healing powers and were looked upon as a sacred symbol of the Three Legged Tree. These shamans or witches were said to practice their skills in charms and conjuring.


Some early writings show that these early witch crafters were practicing their craft on Midsummer Eve. This would have been around the mid-12th century and is when we find the first written reference to a leprechaun in Ireland. These early charms were called Kegs (a kind of bread), Cakes (i.e. sweetbread), Pies (i.e. pies), Brooches (i.e.

Now some people might argue that these earlier versions of the Kegs were no longer edible and therefore were not considered sacred, however they were also considered as tools by which to perform divination and magical work. The shape of the Kegs was like a circle with four pointed ends; therefore it was said that they would act as a lens in which a person could see something about the past, present and future. In addition to being used as tools, they were also used as a way to tell fortunes, predict the future, cast spells, communicate with spirits and even bring about healing. In fact, charms and Kegs were so important to early Ireland that many of the early Irish laws stated that if someone would carry a Keg or a Pye (a type of stick) and use it for one or more specified purposes they would be granted divine favour. This meant that if you were very poor then you would be lucky to receive any food at all, but if you were rich and wealthy then you would be able to do whatever you wished.

Today, things have changed. Although it’s still possible to get spells and ask for divine favour through a witch, the spells are now usually carried out through spell shops. A witch shop is a modern day interpretation of the traditional Irish witchcraft. At these shops you can get the traditional handcrafted items, but you can also purchase professionally made products. These magical handmade products would be much more expensive, but they are also highly respected because the creators of these items would be able to swear to their craft and quality.

In an old time Ireland, a real witch or a witch practitioner would be the only way to obtain certain types of spells. There wouldn’t be a spell shop in every village. Therefore, the people who had knowledge of how to perform spells would tend to live in or near the villages that had such shops. If you wished to be a witch then you would need to be well versed in matters concerning the four elements – earth, fire, water and air. It was also important that you knew how to communicate with the dead.

Today, learning how to be a witch is not as hard as it once was. Modern witches use the internet to learn about the various spells that they can perform from the comfort of their own homes. Witchcraft is no longer seen as something dangerous. Anyone can become a witch if they really want to. It is all a matter of will power. You can get the skills you need to learn how to be a witch.

Learn more by visiting AV Witch Shop Ireland

Modern Art

Synchronized Link Between European and American Modern Art

There was a very short-lived painting movement in 1912 to about 1916 started by two Americans living in Paris, it was called Synchromism (which means colors together, blended with the word symphony).

It was the first modern American art movement with organization, a manifesto, and a particularized aesthetic. The group had a huge impact on breaking down more traditional color theory in American art.

Started by Stanton Mcdonald Wright and Morgan Russell in June of 1913. They would exhibit their work in October of that same year in Germany but had been experimenting in similar techniques for several years prior. They also exhibited in New York in 1914 and 1916. The group was part of an overall effort to extend the work of the neo-impressionists, breaking down form and color further towards complete abstraction.

Synchromism, legacy-wise, has almost a direct link from impressionism, post-impressionism, neo-impressionism, and the Fauvists (1900 – 1910). It is this short-lived movement that seeded change in American Art towards a more modern evolution.  In addition to Stanton Wright and Russell, two other Americans in Europe were considered synchromists: Arthur Burdett Frost and Patrick Henry Bruce. These were both students of Henri Matisse (one of the great figures of modern art). Matisse was heavily influenced by Van Gogh, Gauguin, and his contact with the neo-impressionists, among others.

After Matisse and the neo-impressionists (Seurat, Signac); Picasso and Cubism became another influential painting style in Europe. Orphic Cubism was a cubist style painting with a more lyrical style content. The Orphic painter Robert Delaunay was an influence to the work of the synchromists, although the two styles could be said to have emerged at around the same time. Morgan Russell’s interest specifically in a fully color composition was found to exist prior to his meeting with Delaunay. Another influence was from 1911 to 1913, when the two (Wright and Russell) studied under the Canadian painter Percyval Tudor-Hart, who worked with color theory in relation to expressing aspects of music.

The relationship between painting teacher and student, brings me back to a common point I make about why I like Art history. Let me use the following metaphor. Sometimes in athletic sports there is a big thing about a coaching and playing legacy associated with team or school. For example at Kansas University the great basketball coach Phog Allen had Dean Smith as an assistant, he would become a North Carolina coaching legend. His assistant was Roy Williams, who coached at Kansas, on and on. Some of the style and knowledge of coaching becomes a kind of legacy associated with a time and place. So it is with famous painters and their mentors.

So Matisse was influenced by the post-impressionists and then the neo-impressionists for example. Matisse taught the two Americans Arthur Burdett Frost and Patrick Henry Bruce. American Thomas Hart Benton was also in Paris at this time experimenting with the group. Benton’s exaggerated human figures had roots in Macdonald-Wrights own fascination with the musculature of the human body. And of course Hart Benton would teach Pollack for a short time. So you can draw an evolutionary line from Matisse to Pollack. From one Jedi to the next one.

One perspective could be that these seeds planted by the synchromists, provided that link from Europe’s modernist styles of painting, into America. Seeds that would reach full fruition in the 1940’s and 50’s in New York. This is when the Abstract Expressionists (Jackson Pollack, William DeKooning) would force the shift of the center of the art world to New York, the first time in a long time it was not in Paris, France.


Forgotten Culture

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